hu / en

N. Rózsa Erzsébet és szerzőtársa cikke megjelent az Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies szakfolyóiratban



The Late-comer Friend:

Iranian Interests on the Horn of Africa


In the competition among the great powers as well as Middle Eastern regional actors the Horn, especially with its background of the Red Sea, has become the scene of two regional overlapping rivalries, namely between Saudi Arabia/the United Arab Emirates/Egypt and Qatar/Turkey on the one hand, and Saudi Arabia and Iran, on the other. While Iran seems to be far from the Horn of Africa, its participation in the war in Yemen as well as its strategic position both along the land route and the maritime route of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative make it an unavoidable party. Iran is operating on the Horn of Africa to extend its strategic depth, resist the pressure of rival powers and counterbalance their activities, and increase its political and economic gains. Compared to other Gulf states, Tehran started its campaign relatively late, and Iran’s economic potential is more limited as well. The lack of significant Shi’a presence in East Africa is also an obstacle for expansion. Therefore, Iran is still a secondary actor on the Horn of Africa.



Keywords: Horn of Africa, Iran, strategic depth, resistance