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Book chapter by Anikó Bíró and Péter Elek in a new book titled The Econometrics of Multi-dimensional Panels



Multi-dimensional Panels in Health Economics
with an Application on Antibiotic Consumption


Anikó Bíró, Péter Elek &  


The Econometrics of Multi-dimensional Panels – chapter pp 479–509

First Online:

Part of the Advanced Studies in Theoretical and Applied Econometrics book series





Variation in healthcare use and health outcomes is a major concern for health policy. The availability of multi-dimensional administrative panel data sets has facilitated the study of the sources of variations. This chapter reviews the health economics literature using multi-dimensional panel data, focusing primarily on applications that decompose the variation in healthcare use into demand-side and supply-side (place- or provider-related) factors. Following the literature review, these methods are illustrated through the analysis of place- and patient-specific determinants of antibiotic consumption in Hungary. Finally, multi-dimensional panel data is applied to study the association between primary care availability and the use of antibiotics.